WHAT IS STOMACH PAIN?

Stomach or abdominal pain is a pain that is concentrated in the areas between the chest and pelvic regions. This type of pain can be crampy, dull, sharp, achy, or intermittent and this is more recognized as a stomachache. Inflammations and diseases that affect the organs located inside the abdomen can cause stomach pain. Any viral, parasitic or bacterial infection that might affect the stomach may also cause abdominal pain and these organs are:

1. Intestine (small and large)

2. Kidneys

3. Appendix

4. Spleen

5. Stomach

6. Gallbladder

7. Liver

8. Pancreas

CAUSE OF STOMACH PAIN

This pain can be a cause of a large number of conditions, but the main cause of stomach pain is abnormal growth, inflammation, obstruction, infection and some intestinal disorders. Infections that affect the throat, blood, and intestines cause bacteria to enter the digestive tract and this will result in abdominal pain. Infection can also be a reason for changes in digestion like diarrhea and constipation. Stomach cramps due to menstrual period is also a source of lower abdominal pain but most of the time they are known to cause pelvic pain. Here is a list of common causes of abdominal pain

1. Constipation

2. Diarrhea

3. Gastroenteritis

4. Acid reflux

5. Vomiting

6. Stress

DISEASE THAT CAN CAUSE ABDOMINAL PAIN:

1. Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

2. Irritable bowel syndrome  (This causes changes in bowel movement, cramping, and abdominal pain)

3. Crohn’s disease (inflammatory bowel disease)

4. Lactose intolerance (the inability to digest lactose found in milk)

SEVERE ABDOMINAL PAIN CAUSES:

1. Organ rupture or near-rupture (such as a burst appendix)

2. Gallbladder stones

3. Kidney stones

4. Kidney infection

TYPES OF ABDOMINAL PAIN

1. LOCALIZED PAIN

This is only located in limited areas in the abdomen. this is usually caused by problems in a specific organ and the most common cause of this type of pain is an ulcer, a sore which is located in the inner lining of the stomach.

2. CRAMP-LIKE PAIN

You will usually feel this type of stomach pain when you have diarrhea, bloating, constipation, or even flatulence. In the case of women, they are usually a cause of miscarriage, menstruation, and also complications in the female reproductive organ. This type of pain will just go away on its own without any treatment.

3. COLICKY PAIN

This type of pain is a signal of a more severe condition like gall or kidney stones. This type of pain will suddenly occur and you will feel like you are having extreme muscle pain.

LOCATION OF PAIN

The location of the pain inside the stomach may be a sign of what is the cause of the pain. Pain that is not located in one specific area may be a cause of:

1. Appendicitis

2. Crohn’s disease

3. Traumatic injury

4. Irritable bowel syndrome

5. Urinary tract infection

6. Flu

Pain that is focused in the lower abdomen is usually caused by:

1. Appendicitis

2. Intestinal obstruction

3. Ectopic pregnancy

Pain in the reproductive area or women can be a cause of:

1. Dysmenorrhea

2. Ovarian cysts

3. Miscarriage

4. Fibroids

5. Endometriosis

6. Pelvic inflammatory disease

7. Ectopic pregnancy

Upper part of the abdomen:

1. Gallstones

2. Heart attack

3. Liver inflammation

4. Pneumonia

Pain in the center of the abdomen usually a cause of:

1. Appendicitis

2. Gastroenteritis

3. Injury

4. Uremia 

Pain in the lower left abdomen is usually caused by:

1. Crohn’s disease

2. Cancer

3. Kidney infection

4. Ovarian cysts

5. Appendicitis

Pain in the upper right part of the abdomen is usually caused by:

1. Enlarged spleen

2. Fecal impaction (hardened stool that can’t be eliminated)

3. Injury

4. Kidney infection

5. Heart attack

6. Cancer

Right abdominal pain may be a cause of:

1. Appendicitis

2. Hernia (when an organ protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles)

3. Kidney infection

4. Cancer

5. Flu

Upper right abdominal pain may be from:

1. Hepatitis

2. Injury

3. Pneumonia

4. Appendicitis