Stomach is an important part of the body, It plays a very important function in the digestion of food, releases enzymes and protect the intestine from dangerous organisms.  The stomach is connected from the esophagus to the small intestine and is related to the pancreas, spleen, and liver. The stomach varies in size but it is always j shape. Many stomach diseases are usually a cause of infection. It is said before that the higher the acidity in the stomach, the higher its immunity to infections. 

TYPICAL SYMPTOMS OF STOMACH PROBLEM:

  • NAUSEA
  • VOMITING
  • BLOATING
  • CRAMPS
  • DIARRHEA
  • PAIN

But, stomach pain is common, it is mostly related to what you ate. There are thousands of words to describe stomach pain, some of them include burning, stabbing, aching and so on and these feelings can sometimes be associated with the symptoms mentioned above. 

CAUSES OF STOMACH PAIN

Mostly when people say that they have stomach pain, This does not mean that it is about a single part of the stomach. Usually, pain that occurs on the upper part of the stomach just near the ribs upper gastrointestinal tract its where the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine are mostly affected and when we say pain that is located on the lower part, that is the lower gastrointestinal tract and its where the large intestine, rectum, and anus are located.

COMMON CAUSES OF UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT PAIN

PEPTIC ULCER

    This is the terminology they used to describe an open sore or duodenum symptoms includes, including excessive gas, vomiting, nausea, and burning pain. This is caused by a bacteria and the use of anti-inflammatory medicines that can irritate the protective layer of the digestive tract.

GASTRITIS

    This means the inflammation in the lining of the stomach. This is caused by alcohol, bacterial infection, in some cases, in this case, they cannot see any cause of the pain. Pain in the upper abdomen can range from dull to chronic pain, some include feeling bloated, decrease appetite, vomiting, and nausea.

GASTROPARESIS

    In this condition, the stomach is slow to digest or to empty its contents or low peristalsis. This condition is common to people with diabetes. Other symptoms include feeling full, vomit after eating, lose weight in serious cases.

ESOPHAGITIS

    Esophagus is the passage of the food from your mouth to your stomach. Esophagitis is a condition in which your esophagus is irritated and inflamed and this is due to many reasons. One of which are an infection, allergy or taking strong medicines like antibiotics. you will experience heartburn and the feeling of difficulty in swallowing.

GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE OR GERD

    This condition is also known as acid reflux, which means the leaking of acid and it flows back to the esophagus and it causes a burning feeling in the chest and throat. Other symptoms include trouble swallowing, cough, feeling of lumping in the throat.

These are some of the conditions that may occur in the upper GI tract, now let us go to the lower GI tract and its common conditions.

CONSTIPATION

    This is very common and feel uncomfortable, painful and bloated, this is because of the excess gas in the stomach. Some people very hard stool and sometimes very small and the feeling that all the bowels are not completely emptied.

DIVERTICULOSIS

    This is due to the development of the small pouches located in the lining of the colon. This may lead to severe pain, fever, nausea, vomiting, and tenderness in the lower abdomen.

APPENDICITIS

    The most common symptom is pain int he lower abdomen and dull pain around the belly button that later on moves to the lower right part of the abdomen and the pain becomes more severe or sharp. Other symptoms are loss of appetite, fever, vomiting, and nausea.

Above are causes of pain in the  of upper GI tract and lower GI tract but there are also instances that it includes both upper and lower GI tract, examples are:

INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE OR IBD

    This is a cause of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. Crohn's disease involves crampy abdominal pain with nonblood diarrhea and ulcerative colitis only affects the lower GI tract and it includes bloody diarrhea and colicky abdominal pain.

IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME OR IBS

    It is usually characterized by constipation, diarrhea, and crampy stomach pain but there is no evidence of damage in the stomach.

ABDOMINAL HERNIA

    This is usually caused by stomach pain with visible bulge. this occurs when an organ is poked through or torn within the abdominal wall. types of abdominal hernia include an umbilical, epigastric and inguinal hernia.

WHEN IS THE BEST TIME TO SEE A DOCTOR

 If sudden and severe stomach pain occurs, seek immediate medical attention.