This is the care given by health care providers to patients on a day to day basis. The health care provider that performs this care is the first contact of the patient and the starting point of care. The health care provider also communicates with other health providers to check for other special care that the patient may need in the course of treatment. Patients whose medical care usually receive primary care from physicians like general practitioners or family physician and also nurse practitioners. registered nurses and a physician assistant. 

OBJECTIVE OF PRIMARY CARE

Primary care's main purpose is improving the health of the public by providing accessible and easy medical care. It does not focus on the illnesses of a single organ but it focuses on the whole individual. The goal of primary care is to improve a person's entire wellbeing and health by the use of prevention and treatment of any present illness or even those illnesses that may potentially affect the normal function of the body.

GOAL OF PRIMARY CARE

  •  Providing a wider coverage of health care for patients, families, and communities.
  •  Preventing social disparities in health care so that different races, status, age, and sexual orientation among people will not be misinterpreted.
  •  Organizing health services to help meet the health needs of patients in communities and families.
  •  Help in making health care a part of public policy in every sphere
  •  Helping to train leaders ineffective health care
  •  Increase the level of participation by those who have a problems in their health, whether patients, physicians, public health workers, communities and their families.

Primary care practitioners are the ones who are responsible for maintaining the optimum function of a person by preventing, treating and managing any health conditions that may affect the normal function of the body. 

PRIMARY CARE BENEFITS AND CHALLENGES

Primary care provides benefits to the health of patients, families, and communities when it is correctly implemented. This will also help them with the financial burden caused by unrequired treatment and tests because if primary care is done correctly then there is no need for patients to undergo secondary and tertiary health care services.

BENEFITS:

  •  Increased access to healthcare services
  •  Improved quality of health care
  •  Focus on preventive health
  •  Early intervention to prevent health conditions from developing
  •  Improved patient relationships
  •  Reduced need for specialist care
  •  Economic benefit in the form of several linked jobs

Despite the good things about primary care, there are also numbers of hindrance that affects the benefits of primary care, one of which is the shortage in the numbers of primary care physicians. And there are differences in the quality of care given between different practitioners.

PRIMARY CARE TYPES

  •  Primary care physician
  •  Nurse practitioner
  •  Family practice doctor
  •  Internal medicine doctor
  •  Gynecologist